National Historical Museum of the Republic of Belarus

Military Uniform and Equipment

Military Uniform is a cloth, wearing of which is a must for any military unit and for each of the armed forces; the uniform is established by rules or special decrees. Uniform is one of the most iconic features of the regular armies.

Collection started to form in 1957 thanks to the transfer of items from the museums of Russia and Belarus. Its chronological frameworks cover the period from 16th to 20th centuries. The collection includes nearly 1,500 units. These are full dress uniforms (caftan of a strelets, justacorps, tailcoat uniforms, half-caftan, waistcoats, tunics, soldier’s blouses), outerwear (long mantles, overcoats), headgears including for special purposes (grenadier caps, bicorne, shakos, leather helmets, fur hats, forage caps, service caps, fabric hats, tank helmets, flight helmets and helmets for divers), metal parts of uniforms (buckles, buttons, front straps, plates, cockades), insignias (epaulettes, aiguillettes, shoulder straps). Significant part of the collection is presented by security weapons: battle hats (open and closed helmets), body armor (mail armour, plate armour), extra armour (bracers, greaves and other means of protection), optical devices, communication facilities, etc.

Late 17th - first half of 18th century hussar cavalry cuirasses of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth have great historical and cultural value.

The represented regions and countries are the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Poland, Muscovy and the Russian Empire, France, Germany, Austria, the Soviet Union, and the Republic of Belarus.